Place 4: El Bosque Pueblo
Text in preparation…
Located just north of the Rio Embudo at the eastern outskirts of the modern community of Dixon, El Bosque Pueblo (LA 1282, 1283, and 1284) is a key early village site that provides us with a glimpse of the dramatic changes that were underway within Ancestral Pueblo communities in the northern Rio Grande during the thirteenth century. El Bosque bears a number of intriguing similarities with a handful of other large settlements that have been the focus of long-term research projects, notably T’aitöna (Pot Creek Pueblo, LA 260) in the Little Rio Grande valley to the north and Burnt Corn Pueblo (LA 358-359) in the Galisteo Basin to the south. El Bosque Pueblo differs however, in two key respects: first, it appears to have been occupied somewhat earlier than many other large Coalition Period (AD 1200-1325) villages; second, it was misreported by earlier investigators and so has been omitted from past discussions of thirteenth century developments in the region.
Projectile points at El Bosque Pueblo are dominated by simple triangular side- and corner-notched forms (classic Pueblo “bird” points), although a small number of elongate side-notched points and reworked Late Archaic points are also present. The raw materials used to produce the community’s projectile points are far more diverse than the assemblage of chipped stone debitage on the surface of the site. Whereas the former includes obsidian, chert, and chalcedony from the Jemez Mountains as well as a few andesite, chert and rhyolite specimens from sources nearby, the latter is dominated by the local porphyritic rhyolite and quartzite.
Chipped stone debitage recorded from the surface of the site were found to contain:
- 66% porphyritic rhyolite (locally available)
- 9.5% quartzite (locally available)
- 8% gray chert (short-distance import from McGaffey Ridge to north)
- 8% chalcedony (medium-distance import from the Jemez Mountains)
- 4% obsidian (medium-distance import from the Jemez Mountains)
- 2.5% andesite (medium-distance import from sources north of Taos)
- 2% other